Tag: fermented food

Estonian Cold Soup with Black Bread. Hapupiimapudi

Ancient Estonians ate usually fermented milk  dipped in bread, fish or potatoes in the hot summer.
Now we are more riche 🙂 So, bread is not enough.

To make this soup use your creativity.  For this soup are suitable for example:

radish, tomato, cucumber
fermented cucumber, boiled beetroot, boiled potatoes, boiled eggs

kylmsupp 1(27)

Continue reading “Estonian Cold Soup with Black Bread. Hapupiimapudi”

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How To Do Estonian Quark Cheese with Caraway Seeds. Sõir.

s6ir (1)Sõir, Estonian Quark Cheese with caraway seeds is very known in South Estonia. And this is my father recipe.
Traditionally was it dish for Midsummer and Pentecost.
Do you know, that in Latvian is cheese – Siers and in Russian сыр. And even in English, cheese sound very similar. So, all these cheeses are related 🙂

Important:
quark must be as dry, as possible. And better is fat-free quark
Ricotta is not alternative to use. Make your quark yourself
Be sure your quark is natural and Do NOT consist gelatine or whatever.

You need:
sieve with fine holes
clean fabric, cloth, towels. For better result soak it in the salty water
Pot with thick bottom. Be careful: milk boiling over and stick to the bottom with seconds.
Continue reading “How To Do Estonian Quark Cheese with Caraway Seeds. Sõir.”

Sauerkraut and Beetroot Salad

Never gift for Estonian womans red Dianthus…
Today is International Woman Day. Have you heard about this? Necessary and nice holiday with “red background”but with good idea. Celebrate and recognize all woman, not only mothers.
During soviet times we do not celebrated Mothers day, was only Woman day on 8th of the March. Soviet Union was terrible, but about feminism and women rights was everything perfect. Woman was welder,tractor driver,cosmonaut. And not only career at work. Woman took care about household and children. Clothes were washed by hand and shops were not full of punane-nelk-247x300prepared products…:)

In Estonia we have a saying. Woman must be able to feed man and 6 children:)

So,  Viva women!

But what about red Dianthus… These times were not very large choice of cut flowers. Just and mostly only expensive roses and cheaper dianthuses.

So we got them enough 🙂 Thank you! 🙂
Beetroot has been used in Estonian cuisine already since the 17th–18th century.  From then on, beetroot dishes were included among the foods of the pre-war Republic of Estonia.

Continue reading “Sauerkraut and Beetroot Salad”

Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp

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Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp

So, You baked black bread and probably have some leftovers. This is the easiest dessert in the world.
NB! of course, if you have very salty bread with caraway seeds, this is not dessert to you. Then make better Garlic Breads.

 

Already medieval cookbooks included recommendations to use toasted and grated black bread to make desserts. Baltic German cooks made black bread pudding with apples or chocolate and wine, rum or cognac. During the inter-war period, Estonian housewives took to making various desserts out of black bread, e.g. a chocolate pudding with black bread. In Soviet times, bread soup was often served in cafeterias, but people made it at home as well.

Black bread plays a major role in Estonian culture. There are tons of superstitions, traditions and old sayings about bread here. For example, you shouldn’t slice a new loaf in the evening or it will shrink, though this saying has become obsolete with the introduction of pre-sliced bread. Also, if you drop your slice of bread, you shouldn’t throw it away – you should pick it up, kiss it and then continue eating. And eating the heel piece will give you big breasts.
Continue reading “Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp”

How To Do Estonian Black Bread. Leib

Estonian Black Bread is fermented Rye Bread.
For this bread we have even the own word: LEIB.
“white wheat bread” we call “Sai”.

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Estonian Black Rye Bread. Leib

Of course, shops are  full of different breads, even with nuts and chocolate.
But some years ago, our first lady Evelin Ilves promoted the homemade bread. So, today, I believe, all Estonian woman has their own home-made bread recipe.

Each estonian eat  ca 10 kg white wheat bread and 30 kg black rye bread per year, so Rye bread is very popular and I can say, that this is something very “Estonian”.

24th February is Estonian Independence Day,  our republic become 99 years old 🙂
so this is the best day to bake the Estonian traditional rye Leib.

Continue reading “How To Do Estonian Black Bread. Leib”

Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley. Mulgikapsad

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Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley. Mulgikapsad

Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley is called ” Mulgikapsad”. Kapsad- means Cabbage and
Mulgi- Mulgimaa is area  in South-Estonia, with own culture, traditions, food and dialect.

This area and culture is perfect example about the globalisation already in 19th of century. During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865 was lack of cotton and price was very high.
So, was demand for alternatives. South Estonia, Mulgimaa has perfect conditions for cultivation of linen. Bondage was in Estonia abolished 1816, but still farmers were very poor and land was owned by landlords. But because of America and demand for linen, farmers gets enough money to buy from landlords land and farms. And this area become rich and successful. This made others little bit jealous and they started to call people and this area Mulgimaa 🙂
In Latvia means word- Mulk- ” silly” and in Estonia it means “hole”- in meaning that the all richness went in to the one hole…:)

I am Mulk ( person, who is living and born in Mulgimaa), as well. My mothers ancestry have been lived in Mulgimaa more than 400 years. Maybe more, but we have first written documents from 1630 of year 🙂

Mulgikapsad can be served as a meal unto itself, usually with boiled potato and certainly with some fermented milk for drink. You may cook this as vegan, without meat.

Barley has been cultivated in Estonia longer than any other crops – for over 4,000 years. And pearl barley has been a staple food for Estonians through the ages; it has even been a food fit for celebrations. In the olden days, the tradition in Estonian villages was to make sauerkraut soup with pork and barley groats on Thursdays and Sundays.

Continue reading “Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley. Mulgikapsad”

Sauerkraut Soup. Hapukapsasupp

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Sauerkraut Soup. Hapukapsasupp

Soup from Sauerkraut, fermented cabbage, is very easy to cook.

How to make Sauerkraut, look at this recipe

Sauerkraut Soup

  • Servings: 4-6
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Print

Sauerkraut sour and salty soup is warming winter-time dish, which needs time to get best result

Ingredients

  • ca 500 g streaky and fat pork with bones
  • 500 g sauerkraut
  • 1/2 cup barley groats
  • 3 litre cold water
  • 1 grated carrot and onion, if you cabbage is not contains carrot
  • salt, pepper, bay leaf,sugar, mustard, caraway seeds and vodka

Directions

  1. Put meat, cabbage and barley in to cold water, and let to boil
  2. Remove foam
  3. Add salt, pepper, bay leaf and let soup simmer while all ingredients ready (min 1 hour)
  4. Add grated carrot and onion.
  5. Season and let soup simmer, while all flavours are felt. As much time you have to let soup simmer, as best result you get.
  6. Serve with sour- cream. Head isu!

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How To Do Homemade quark

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Estonian Quark. Kohupiim

t’s impossible to write a blog about Estonian food without talking about quark. To be honest, I’m not quite sure whether should I say ”quark”, ”curd” or ”fromage blanc”.

The quark in every country has a different acidity, texture and consistency due to the processing of the product.

Quark is not
.. riccota. ricotta. Ricotta is made from whey, which gives the cheese its specific taste and texture.
… cream cheese. Cream cheese is usually a salty soft product made from cream and milk. It has a different consistency, texture and acidity.  Usually in cream cheese has added salt
… mascarpone. Mascarpone is not fermented product. Protein is curdled with acid.

Estonian quark is fat-free, made from skimmed milk and mesophilic starter. The latter means that the quark is fermented at a low temperature.

If you have children, don’t hesitate to ask them to join the process. Making quark is fun and educating. You can learn a lot about food chemistry, cooking, health and fermentation!

Continue reading “How To Do Homemade quark”

Roasted Pork with Sauerkraut. Sealiha hapukapsaga

As You probably know, Estonians are the least religious nation.
The Estonian word jõulud (Christmas) is of ancient Scandinavian origin and comes directly from the word Jul/ Hjul  which means “cycle”,  and has no real connection with Christianity.

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Roasted Pork with Sauerkraut. Sealiha hapukapsaga

In 22th of December the Sun rises in Estonia at 9. 17 a clock and  sets at 15.22. So, we do not need any fairy tales. We have very practical reason to celebrate 🙂
Jõulud as the winter solstice , when the day is the shortest and the night the longest, is celebrated between December 21 and 25. According to folk-tradition, “the sun was laying in the nest” and the day was celebrated as the Sun’s birthday. From that day on, the Sun started to rise and move slowly to the north again.

Continue reading “Roasted Pork with Sauerkraut. Sealiha hapukapsaga”

How To Do Sauerkraut. Hapukapsas.

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Sauerkraut. Fermented Cabbage. Hapukapsas

Homemade Sauerkraut, Fermented Cabbage, Hapukapsas is very important and popular dish in Estonia during autumn winter time and mandatory food during Christmas time.
In ancient time, Hapukapsas and cranberries were only sources of  C vitamin, during winter time.
Sauerkraut is fermented food and this  is not only source of vitamin, this is source of probiotic bacterium and this is excellent for your health.

By the way, ancient Estonians believed, that  Sauerkraut succeed best, during New Moon. So, 7th of December is right time to test it 🙂

Sauerkraut, Fermented Cabbage- Hapukapsas

  • Servings: 4-6
  • Difficulty: easy
  • Print

A fresh, light and healthy fermented food

Continue reading “How To Do Sauerkraut. Hapukapsas.”