In 1988-1992 I have been studied in university (this time university last 5 years). This was very complicated and messy time.
Of course, students are always poor and has complicated life 🙂 But this time in Estonia took place changes.
We have been more than 40 years occupied by soviet union, all this period were lack of food products, deficit. Most of milk and meat and butter, produced in Estonia, were sent to the Russia.
But in the beginning of 90-s, was situation very bad. This was not only deficit, but to get any milk, butter, flour, sugar, semolina…. and so one, you must have a special coupon.
I used in headline word “mushroom”. But in Estonia, when we are talking about mushrooms, we mean forest and/or wild mushrooms: milk mushrooms, russulas, chanterelle….
As Estonia has an abundance of forest, we like to pick berries and mushrooms.
For winter mushrooms are marinated, or salted or fermented. Or dried.
But the easiest way to freeze. Heat the mushrooms in a skillet until water has evaporated and add butter. Pour mixture into boxes and freeze over winter.
In this photo and recipe I used marinated russulales.( it is very complicated to find english translation, but it seems to be false saffron milkcap)
I believe that each Estonian has own recipe what to do with cucumbers. I already shared one recipe and I will share them more. But if you have not time and you need brine cucumbers as soon as possible. This is one option.
My father was born in 1943. So, he was child after war. This was terrible time. Estonia was occupied by Soviet Union, Hunger and poverty. In March 1949, 20,722 people (2.5% of the population) were deported to Siberia.
Started collectivization. Forcibly was established collective farms, which means that all farmers must give all animals to collective farms. All over the countryside, the establishment of kolkhozes was announced and the majority of the peasants joined ‘voluntarily’, fearing that they would be deported if they did not sign up. During the 1950s, masses of farm animals would starve to death in late winter or early spring because of a lack of fodder. Collective farmer’s did not get first years any salary.
Because was lack of eggs and everything, children invented ” bread”, to have something to eat. They mixed potatoes, flour and oil and baked this on to the wood burning stove iron.
Kohuke- chocolate glazed quark snack is very popular dessert for children breakfast. Estonians can buy from store tens of sorts Kohuke: with different flavours and fillings.
Because of quark, Kohuke is rich of protein and because of chocolate, it is energy bar:)
Impossible to write Estonian food blog without quark.
To be honest, I am not sure, which word is right
quark or curd or fromage blanc.
In each country you get the different product with different acidity, texture, consistent….., because of leavening, milk.
Quark is not
.. riccota. Riccota is made from cheese whey, which give the specific taste and texture
… cream cheese. Cream cheese is made from cream and has different consistent, texture, acidity and usually in cream cheese has added salt
… mascarpone. Mascarpone is not fermented product. Protein is curdled with acid.
Estonian quark is made from skimmed milk and mesophilic starter. This is fat-free and mesophilic means, that quark is fermented on the low temperature.
If you have children, call them to join. To make quark is fun process and lesson about chemistry, cooking, health and fermentation 🙂
A fresh, light, homemade natural quark for several dishes
1 litre ” milk”
From 1 litre milk you receive ca 200 g quark.
What to use:
skimmed milk + ca 150 g sour cream
yoghurt. But! Be sure, that yoghurt is not consist thickeners or stabilizers
NB! DO NOT use products with signs UHT (ultra high temperature), ESL (extended self life), aseptic, thermized… You need living bacteria and natural product.
1. You need:
hot water bath
thigh sieve and (gauze) cloth for straining
[caption id="attachment_8821" align="alignnone" width="1024"] Estonian Quark. Kohupiim[/caption]
2. Pour ” milk” in to a pot, and put pot in to hot water bath. Ideal temperature is 55 C- 65 C. Water bath is not necessary. And if you want result quicker (for example you making lesson for kids:)), do not use water bath but make quark directly on the stove and use higher temperature.Higher temperature gives you less curd, but you get this quicker.
For better result stir as little as possible, and if, then very carefully
Quark is ready when has formed clumps and whey has separated. It takes ca 40 minute.
when I am looking abroad cook shows, it seems to me very strange hysterical attitude to raw garlic.
In Estonia because of climate are runny nose and cough, very common. (Probably it is reason, we do not use welcome kissis:)). And to cure or prevent cold, you must use raw garlic, as much you can tolerate 🙂
For Tasty Garlic Bread
Roast, toast or fry Black Bread
Spread on bread smashed garlic
cut in to cubes
and add some salt