My father was born in 1943. So, he was child after war. This was terrible time. Estonia was occupied by Soviet Union, Hunger and poverty. In March 1949, 20,722 people (2.5% of the population) were deported to Siberia.
Started collectivization. Forcibly was established collective farms, which means that all farmers must give all animals to collective farms. All over the countryside, the establishment of kolkhozes was announced and the majority of the peasants joined ‘voluntarily’, fearing that they would be deported if they did not sign up. During the 1950s, masses of farm animals would starve to death in late winter or early spring because of a lack of fodder. Collective farmer’s did not get first years any salary.
Because was lack of eggs and everything, children invented ” bread”, to have something to eat. They mixed potatoes, flour and oil and baked this on to the wood burning stove iron.
We have saying: where are two Estonians, there are three opinions and four political parties ( and as added our president Kersti Kaljulaid .. five tweets and six Facebook posts and seven online headlines which has a different messages.
I believe that in the internet there are at least billion food photos, And on the same time I believe that at least half of it is staged and better than in the real life.
In the real life we do not know, how and what people are eating.
When I talk about Estonians in my blog I certainly generalize.
One important topic is sauce. When I say: Estonians making sauce. It means a different things:
A friend told me, that there are only few families who care cook some sauce. Most people do not make sauce at all; some of them use a cold sauce, which means sour cream with some greens.
but I am about to tell you about the real warm Estonian sauce that makes Gordon Ramsay swoon.
To cook a typical Estonian sauce you should mix could water with some flour and pour the mixture into the boiling cream or milk. and yes, there are different understandings and schools:) Some people prefer milk, some cream with 10% fat and some people cream with 35% fat,
And one more interesting fact. In Estonia there are two words that can be used to call a ” sauce”. Similar the English word ” sauce” we have ” soust”. ” soust” is more rustic and thicker,. The second word is “kaste”, which is coming from the words watering, moistening.
This is easy and very quick Sauce, which probably do not need any recipe. But, because this is very traditional in Estonian food-table, let it be:)
Sõir, Estonian Quark Cheese with caraway seeds is very known in South Estonia. And this is my father recipe.
Traditionally was it dish for Midsummer and Pentecost.
Do you know, that in Latvian is cheese – Siers and in Russian сыр. And even in English, cheese sound very similar. So, all these cheeses are related 🙂
quark must be as dry, as possible. And better is fat-free quark
Ricotta is not alternative to use. Make your quark yourself
Be sure your quark is natural and Do NOT consist gelatine or whatever.
I have been to many countries, and one of the biggest differences in eating culture/habits/cuicine is how salad is served.
Salad as a main or separate dish, this is understandable. You can have Caesare Salad for lunch for example.
But, how is salad served, as accompany for the main dish, are differences between countries.
There are three courses in most countries : appetizer; main dish, which includes protein and salad and then dessert.
However, there are exceptions, as well. I was amazed to see that in Portugal rice and potato (with some meat/fish) were served on the same plate .. In addition to that we visited a restaurant with a very generous cook in Malta 🙂 french fries, boiled potato, couscous, pasta were on the same plate. And some bread of course. and a LOT of meat 🙂 Continue reading “6 Simple Salad to accompany the main dish”
What do you think, is it possible to stay hungry in Italy or France ?
At Cookingwithoutlimits was discussion about food experience during trips, travelling. The first rule is: look at for place, where locals eat.
Do you know this saying: breakfast eat yourself, lunch share with friend and dinner give to enemy?
In Estonia we eat dinner usually at 6-7 pm. Because we used to, because you should “give your dinner to enemy”, because we have been studied, that between last meal and sleep must be at least 3-4 hours. So, during traveling is the most complicated challenge is to find place with locals. Because…. Mediterranean countries they start their dinner at 9.. 10 o clock:) And when we are looking for place.. restaurants are empty (or still closed) 🙂
Few years ago we were with family in Spain, Torremolinos. Knowing, how complicated is to find good place for dinner I did search. and ( probably?) Tripadvisor told me the name of the good place for dinner.
So we drawled time.. till 8 o clock and went to this place. It was empty, Few tourist couples only with us. ” jee… popular place..”, was I angry. Sorry,
I do not remember this place-name. But it look like quite poor and cheap: white plastic tables and chairs. We did not understand menu and asked same food, what had our neighboring table. This was only fish and seafood restaurant. We got our food, this was delicious and we kept wondering, why this rated place with amazing food is still empty.
Was a half past eight… and… suddenly appeared crowds:) When we finished our meal, all tables were full and a very long queue waited for opportunity to get dinner..:)
Mother: why did you buy for child potato chips?!
Grandmother: But potato is vegetable and vegetables are healthy.
I present to you one nice healthy 🙂 vegetable casserole. Suitable as main dish or side dish.
Estonian Black Bread is fermented Rye Bread.
For this bread we have even the own word: LEIB.
“white wheat bread” we call “Sai”.
Of course, shops are full of different breads, even with nuts and chocolate.
But some years ago, our first lady Evelin Ilves promoted the homemade bread. So, today, I believe, all Estonian woman has their own home-made bread recipe.
Each estonian eat ca 10 kg white wheat bread and 30 kg black rye bread per year, so Rye bread is very popular and I can say, that this is something very “Estonian”.
24th February is Estonian Independence Day, our republic become 99 years old 🙂
so this is the best day to bake the Estonian traditional rye Leib.
Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley is called ” Mulgikapsad”. Kapsad- means Cabbage and
Mulgi- Mulgimaa is area in South-Estonia, with own culture, traditions, food and dialect.
This area and culture is perfect example about the globalisation already in 19th of century. During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865 was lack of cotton and price was very high.
So, was demand for alternatives. South Estonia, Mulgimaa has perfect conditions for cultivation of linen. Bondage was in Estonia abolished 1816, but still farmers were very poor and land was owned by landlords. But because of America and demand for linen, farmers gets enough money to buy from landlords land and farms. And this area become rich and successful. This made others little bit jealous and they started to call people and this area Mulgimaa 🙂
In Latvia means word- Mulk- ” silly” and in Estonia it means “hole”- in meaning that the all richness went in to the one hole…:)
I am Mulk ( person, who is living and born in Mulgimaa), as well. My mothers ancestry have been lived in Mulgimaa more than 400 years. Maybe more, but we have first written documents from 1630 of year 🙂
Mulgikapsad can be served as a meal unto itself, usually with boiled potato and certainly with some fermented milk for drink. You may cook this as vegan, without meat.