Estonian Traditional Curd filled Buns. Mulgi korbid

Mulgi korbid

Mulgimaa is perfect example about the globalisation already in 19th of century. During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865 was lack of cotton and price was very high.
So, was demand for alternatives. South Estonia, Mulgimaa has perfect conditions for cultivation of linen. Bondage was in Estonia abolished 1816, but still farmers were very poor and land was owned by landlords. But because of America and demand for linen, farmers gets enough money to buy from landlords land and farms. And this area become rich and successful. This made others little bit jealous and they started to call people and this area Mulgimaa 🙂
In Latvia means word- Mulk- ” silly” and in Estonia it means “hole”- in meaning that the all richness went in to the one hole…:)

I have been already wrote about Mulgimaa. Estonian hidden treats.

Mulgi- Mulgimaa is area  in South-Estonia, with own culture, traditions, food and dialect. korbid (plural “korbid”, singular “korp”)- curd or semolina filled buns are one of its famous signature dish. Mulgi Korbid filling and buns itself are not very sweet. But you can make sweet filling and add more sugar in dough, as well.

Traditionally Mulgi Korbid has  curd or semolina filling, but you can use potato filling, as well. This is perfect dish to made, when you made too much potato mash or bubert, and you have some leftovers.

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Estonian Traditional Curd filled Buns. Mulgi Korbid.

Estonian Traditional Curd filled Buns

  • Servings: 15-16 buns
  • Time: 2hr 30mins
  • Difficulty: easy
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Mulgi korbid

Ingredients

  • 0, 5 litre milk
  • 35 g yeast
  • 2 tablespoon sugar
  • 100 g butter
  • 1 teaspoon salt,
  • 8 dl flour
  • Semolina filling or use Bubert recipe

  • 0, 6 litre milk
  • 0,5 glass of semolina
  • 2 tablespoon butter
  • 1 egg
  • salt, sugar
  • Boil a thick porridge from milk and semolina. Add butter, season with salt and sugar. Let cool down and add beaten egg.

    Curd/quark filling  look for home made quark recipe

  • 600 g quark
  • 2 tablespoon sour cream
  • 2 tablespoon melted butter
  • salt, sugar and cumin
  • If mix is too fluid, add some semolina or flour

    Potato filling 

  • 700 g boiled and mashed potatoes
  • 2  beaten eggs
  • 2 tablespoon melted butter
  • salt and cumin
  • If mix is too fluid, add some semolina or flour
  • 1 egg for coating buns
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Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp

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Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp

So, You baked black bread and probably have some leftovers. This is the easiest dessert in the world.
NB! of course, if you have very salty bread with cumin, this is not dessert to you. Then make better Garlic Breads.

Black Bread Dessert. Leivasupp

  • Servings: 4-6
  • Time: 30mins
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A light and easy dessert from black bread

Ingredients

  • 300 g ( 8 slices) black bread
  • 1 litre water + juice
  • (100 g raisins or other dried fruits)

 

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Estonian Pea Soup. Hernesupp

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Traditional Pea Soup. Hernesupp

Vastlapäev, known as Shrove Tuesday in much of the English-speaking world, the Estonians celebrate this day a little differently.

Instead of pancakes, we eat split pea soup and the delicious Vastlakukkel cream cake.
Traditionally children will sled down any available hill of snow, to get “long linens”.  And not only children. Tomorrow, after meeting I am going with my colleges  to sled, as well.
And later we have pea soup and Vastlakukkel!
Today, of course nobody care about linen, this is just for fun:)

The name Vastlapaev is taken from the German word “fasten” (to fast). And after Vastlapäev started fast, because meat was ran out.

Traditional pea soup takes time, so this is reasonable to cook more soup and leftovers freeze or store in clean airtight jar.

Traditional Estonian Pea Soup. Hernesupp

  • Servings: 4-6
  • Time: 2hr
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Traditional Estonian Pea Soup takes time, but it is worth it

Ingredients

  • 500 g pork, best is (smoked) leg or ribs or pork belly
  • 0,5 glass of pearl barley
  • 400 g dried yellow peas
  • 1 onion, sliced
  • 2 carrots, sliced
  • for seasoning salt, mustard, pepper, garlic

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Estonian Black Bread. Leib

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Estonian Black Bread. Leib

Estonian Black Bread is fermented Rye Bread.
For this bread we have even the own word: LEIB.
“white wheat bread” we call “Sai”.

Of course, shops are  full of different breads, even with nuts and chocolate.
But some years ago, our first lady Evelin Ilves promoted the homemade bread. So, today, I believe, all Estonian woman has their own home-made bread recipe.

Each estonian eat  ca 10 kg white wheat bread and 30 kg black rye bread per year, so Rye bread is very popular and I can say, that this is something very “Estonian”.

24th February is Estonian Independence Day,  our republic become 99 years old 🙂
so this is the best day to bake the Estonian traditional rye Leib.

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Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley. Mulgikapsad

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Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley. Mulgikapsad

Estonian Style Sauerkraut with Pork and Barley is called ” Mulgikapsad”. Kapsad- means Cabbage and
Mulgi- Mulgimaa is area  in South-Estonia, with own culture, traditions, food and dialect.

This area and culture is perfect example about the globalisation already in 19th of century. During the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865 was lack of cotton and price was very high.
So, was demand for alternatives. South Estonia, Mulgimaa has perfect conditions for cultivation of linen. Bondage was in Estonia abolished 1816, but still farmers were very poor and land was owned by landlords. But because of America and demand for linen, farmers gets enough money to buy from landlords land and farms. And this area become rich and successful. This made others little bit jealous and they started to call people and this area Mulgimaa 🙂
In Latvia means word- Mulk- ” silly” and in Estonia it means “hole”- in meaning that the all richness went in to the one hole…:)

I am Mulk ( person, who is living and born in Mulgimaa), as well. My mothers ancestry have been lived in Mulgimaa more than 400 years. Maybe more, but we have first written documents from 1630 of year 🙂

Mulgikapsad can be served as a meal unto itself, usually with boiled potato and certainly with some fermented milk for drink. You may cook this as vegan, without meat.

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Sauerkraut Soup. Hapukapsasupp

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Sauerkraut Soup. Hapukapsasupp

Soup from Sauerkraut, fermented cabbage, is very easy to cook.

How to make Sauerkraut, look at this recipe

Sauerkraut Soup

  • Servings: 4-6
  • Time: 1 hr 30 mins
  • Difficulty: easy
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Sauerkraut sour and salty soup is warming winter-time dish, which needs time to get best result

Ingredients

  • ca 500 g streaky and fat pork with bones
  • 500 g sauerkraut
  • 1/2 cup barley groats
  • 3 litre cold water
  • 1 grated carrot and onion, if you cabbage is not contains carrot
  • salt, pepper, bay leaf,sugar, mustard, caraway seeds and vodka

Directions

  1. Put meat, cabbage and barley in to cold water, and let to boil
  2. Remove foam
  3. Add salt, pepper, bay leaf and let soup simmer while all ingredients ready (min 1 hour)
  4. Add grated carrot and onion.
  5. Season and let soup simmer, while all flavours are felt. As much time you have to let soup simmer, as best result you get.
  6. Serve with sour- cream. Head isu!

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Homemade quark

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Homemade quark. Kohupiim

Impossible to write Estonian food blog without quark.
To be honest, I am not sure, which word is right
quark or curd or fromage blanc.

In each country you get the different product with different acidity, texture, consistent….., because of leavening, milk.

Quark is not
.. riccota. Riccota is made from cheese whey, which give the specific taste and texture
… cream cheese. Cream cheese is made from cream and has different consistent, texture, acidity and usually in cream cheese has added salt
… mascarpone. Mascarpone is not fermented product. Protein is curdled with acid.

Estonian quark is made from skimmed milk and mesophilic starter. This is fat-free and mesophilic means, that quark is fermented on the low temperature.

If you have children, call them to join. To make quark is fun process and lesson about chemistry, cooking, health and fermentation 🙂

Homemade Quark. Kohupiim.

  • Servings: 4
  • Time: 40mins
  • Difficulty: easy
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A fresh, light, homemade natural quark for several dishes

Ingredients

  • 1 litre ” milk”
  • From 1 litre milk you receive ca 200 g quark.

    What to use:

    • skimmed milk + ca 150 g sour cream
    • kefir
    • fermented milk
    • yoghurt. But! Be sure, that yoghurt is not consist thickeners or stabilizers

    NB! DO NOT use products with signs UHT (ultra high temperature), ESL (extended self life), aseptic, thermized… You need living bacteria and natural product.

Directions

    1.  You need: hot water bath thermometer thigh sieve and (gauze) cloth for straining And patience

    2.  Pour ” milk” in to a pot, and put pot in to hot water bath. Ideal temperature is 55 C- 65 C. Water bath is not necessary. And if you want result quicker (for example you making lesson for kids:)), do not use water bath but make quark directly on the stove and use higher temperature. Higher temperature gives you less curd, but you get this quicker.

  1. For better result stir as little as possible, and if, then very carefully
  2. Quark is ready when has formed clumps and whey has separated. It takes ca 40 minute.
  3. Pour quark through a sieve, to separate whey
  4. Head isu!

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Meat Jelly. Sült

Meat Jelly, Sült is very good example, how time changes the meaning of some food. In old times Sült was winter time food. Because it takes 4-6 hours to cook it and this will heat the kitchen hot. Because in old times for winter was left only pork legs and heads, which are suitable for cooking Sült. It was “poor” food. Today all ladies know, how important is collagen…

Today, for me, this is perfect summer dish. Sült is cold and with cold cottage cheese sauce and boiled fresh potatoes.. yummy 🙂

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Meat Jelly. Sült

My father still cooking Sült himself. It is very complicated to cook  Sült only  for 2 persons and still you need very large pot. So, I buy sült in summer time from culinary.  And in winter time, I get it from my father. This is my father recipe.

For cooking Sült you need glue-rich meat. Continue reading

Roasted Pork with Sauerkraut. Sealiha hapukapsaga

As You probably know, Estonians are the least religious nation.
The Estonian word jõulud (Christmas) is of ancient Scandinavian origin and comes directly from the word Jul/ Hjul  which means “cycle”,  and has no real connection with Christianity.

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Roasted Pork with Sauerkraut. Sealiha hapukapsaga

In 22th of December the Sun rises in Estonia at 9. 17 a clock and  sets at 15.22. So, we do not need any fairy tales. We have very practical reason to celebrate 🙂
Jõulud as the winter solstice , when the day is the shortest and the night the longest, is celebrated between December 21 and 25. According to folk-tradition, “the sun was laying in the nest” and the day was celebrated as the Sun’s birthday. From that day on, the Sun started to rise and move slowly to the north again.

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