Homemade Sauerkraut, Fermented Cabbage, Hapukapsas is a very important and popular dish in Estonia during the autumn-winter time and mandatory food during Christmas time.
In ancient time, Hapukapsas and cranberries were only sources of C vitamin, during winter time.
Sauerkraut is fermented food and this is not the only source of vitamin, this is the source of the probiotic bacterium and this is excellent for your health.
If you want a simple, delicious, low-calorie and all natural healthy salad this is it!
Very delicious and nutritious Salad. Recently I heard from one Australian Tv cooking show, that broad bean must be peeled before eating. I do not know. I heard this first time. So, if you have a lot of time, you welcome to clean and peel. But I use and eat broad bean as you can see from photo. Unpeeled.
The great vegetable dish. This time I used salted mushroom .
As Estonia has an abundance of forest, we like to pick berries and mushrooms.
and for winter Mushrooms are marinated, or salted or fermented. Or dried
How to remove additional salt are a lot of tips.
My South Estonian relatives told me that they boiling salted mushroom in milk. And after that mushroom look and taste like a fresh.
Second option is to boil mushroom just in the water.
And the simplest one. Put mushroom to soak the night before.
Fresh chanterelle: The mushrooms are cleaned without water, with only a clean, dry towel and paring knife. Heat the chanterelle in a skillet without fat/butter until water has evaporated.
This summer was very warm. In May, June, July, August was hot, 30 C degrees. The Estonian climate is very humid, so warm feels hotter and cold is colder.
I love summer and it would be unfair to whine. But heat spill is that mushroom is not growing. Mushroom needs rain and humidity.
But now in September finally started to rain… 🙂
But still. It is not necessary to use wild mushrooms, this dish will be delicious with champignon as well 🙂
The good child has many names. This Toome salad has the other name “Pail Salad”.
Word “Toome” has two meanings, as well.
Toome- bird cherry, and Toome as international meaning – “Dom”
It was not a very long time ago when from October until May we have not fresh vegetables and fruits. Around a year were available only a few: apple, cabbage, onion, cranberries, cowberries, turnip, carrots. And that is all.
To get all others, we made preserves: salted, marinades, jams, compote…
The origin of the Toome Salad dates back to this time.
In the autumn put all mothers and grandmothers these salad ingredients as layers into the pail. Salad settled overnight, and later, the salad was heated, canned in banks to preserve vitamins for over winter.
Now we have not to need for this. Fresh cucumbers are available around a year and we can make this salad every day.
This is dish from my childhood.
In June or July, when all vegetables start to mature. Carrots are almost always seeded too closely together. And it is important to thin carrots, they will not grow to maturity unless they have space to do so.
So, you have tiny carrots , first small potatoes are sweet peas and maybe even first cabbage.. aand this is mean Summer New Vegetables Milk Soup. Easy to do and very delicious.
Of course, you can cook it all year long, but then,. it is not This Soup.
Interesting fact: In Estonia, cottage cheese began to be produced in order to meet the cheese production plan set by Moscow to the USSR. The National Planning Committee of the USSR almost doubled the cheese production of the Estonian SSR for the five-year plan, So, this is the reason why Estonia began to produce cottage cheese which was reported as cheese in the reports 🙂
The Baltic herring is one of the most important fish in the whole of the Baltic Sea and the Estonians’ feeder for centuries.
In 2007 the Baltic herring was announced the national Estonian Fish. The Baltic herring is such an everyday fish for us and believe me, we have a lot of recipe books like ” 100 dishes from Baltic herring”.
Since Baltic Herring are cheap fish, she had a reputation for many years as a poor human food. But because of delicious taste this reputation is gone. And from early spring to late autumn, Baltic Herring is mandatory part of Estonian cuisine.
Especially in spring, because the spring Baltic herring is big, fat and delicious.
Barley has been cultivated in Estonia longer than any other crops – for over 4,000 years. And pearl barley has been a staple food for Estonians through the ages; it has even been a food fit for celebrations. In the olden days, the tradition in Estonian villages was to make sauerkraut soup with pork and barley groats on Thursdays and Sundays.
You can cook this soup on the traditional way: swell beans and barley overnight. Prepare beautiful and delicious broth, and cook up to 2 hours.
But I recommend the easier and faster ”everyday version”:
This soup has enough flavours, so you can cook this without meat. If needed add some meat leftovers or strengthen flavour with ready broth.
And Use prepared/canned beans and barley groats.