Some time ago I saw Mediterranean diet recommendations in a blog www.jovinacooksitalian.com. As the Estonian National Institute for Health Development (ENIHD) published
a new updated version of Estonian diet recommendations at the end of 2016, I thought it would be very interesting to compare the recommendations.
Some things are the same: do not eat sweets and have enough daily physical activity.
The biggest difference is alcohol. From July excises for light alcohol including beer, are rising. For example the excise for wine is 0,54 euro per litre (and Estonian turnover tax is 20%).
Therefore, alcohol is expensive in Estonia, but it’s still true, that Estonians are not very good at handling alcohol. We cannot drink. Lots of accidents and deaths are caused by alcohol. Anyway, it would be strange, cynical and unprecedented to see advice for alcohol in Estonian diet recommendations.
Cereals which are the base and bottom of these Mediterranean pyramid are the second big difference. Estonians fear cereals 🙂
A study, conducted in 2014 by ENIHD found that Estonians eat too little cereals, fish and seeds and nuts.
And Estonians eat too much meat and sweets.
I wrote recently about fish.
But if we are talking about vegetables, fruits… the main question that rises is: what about the climate? Should we take into consideration the location, the climate, the habits?
The Nature is very wise. 7500 years ago Nature understood that in the North there is too little sun, it is green only few months a year, only light lake fishes and olives do not grow there 🙂
But this area has gorgeous grass for herding that offers at least some calcium and vitamin D to locals and gives us a unique ability to digest lactose.
You can find the same or a similar story from each and every corner of the Word. Somewhere people are using a lot of spices, somewhere people are eating pure fat, somewhere they are eager to eat everything that moves… somewhere they are fermenting food before eating. And this is not arbitrary.
All diets have their own logic and reason, why they have been developed to what they are now.
In the Middle Ages our food was complemented slowly and gradually. Today the situation is much more complicated.
Globalization, information and transportation give us all possibility to eat strawberries in January. And we can enjoy Mediterranean or Asian or French or Nordic.. diet. But should we take these diets over entirely?
Is it ok, to take a little bit of everything?
Will our bodies adopt? or will we ruin them?
When we are not smart anymore and believing in media and globalization, does Nature is still smart enough and will help us?
I do not know.
But. if you have and can, please share with me your country diet recommendations!
Added: Docsimonson left link for ow the US has done these recommendations over several decades:
And . As I said, eat less sweets 🙂 So one more cake recipe 🙂 This is Retro cake. This is easy cake. But the best part is the bottom dough. This is egg free. Easy to do. With neutral taste so you can use this for different cakes and pies.
NB! for this dough better for baking low temperature and longer time
- 4 glass of flour
- 200 g butter
- 100 g sugar
- 100 g sour cream (Smetana/creme fraiche)
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
- 1 tablespoon vinegar
- 190 g boiled condensed milk (dulce de leche)
- 60 g butter
- Mix together flour, sugar, melted butter and cream
- Mix together soda and vinegar and add in to the dough
- Mix together.
- Leave in to the fridge at least for 1 hour
- Mash duogh thin and cut thick strips. Build “Anthill”
- Bake 180C ca 30-40 minutes (or more)
- For cream boil together butter and condensed milk, while mixture is enough thick. It takes ca 15 minutes.
- Pour cooled cake over with cream